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Your Tooth’s Anatomy Influences Treatments from Your Dentist

July 29, 2018

Filed under: Uncategorized — columbianteam @ 9:22 pm

woman at dental examWhen you think about a tooth in your mouth, you may believe that it is one solid structure, but this is not true. In fact, your teeth are composed of various layers, each of which serves an important role in the health and function of each tooth. Due to the layers, your dental treatments must cater to the different ones to help you achieve a healthy, beautiful smile. Your dentist has a unique understanding of each layer to provide you with the appropriate treatments.

Anatomy of Your Tooth

Your tooth is composed of three main layers, which are vital to preserving its health.


The enamel is the hardest layer of your tooth. You can see it when you look in the mirror. It is made from mainly calcium phosphate, allowing it to be hard like a rock to protect your inner layers. Although it is hard, it is not indestructible. It can erode due to bacteria in your mouth, when exposed to acids, or from aggressive brushing. This can cause it to become weakened, allowing a cavity to form. When treated quickly, it will not extend past the enamel to cause further damage to your tooth.

Enamel is also porous. As a result, stains can seep through it, causing discoloration. When this occurs, instead of looking white, it may appear brown or yellow. To restore its appearance, a professional whitening agent can be applied. It will deeply penetrate the enamel to resolve the discoloration.


Underneath the enamel is a hard layer known as the dentin. It contains microscopic tubes that connect to the inner-most layer, known as the pulp. If the enamel becomes damaged, such as due to decay, it will cause the dentin to become exposed. This can result in pain because the pathways will become sensitive.


The inner-most layer of your tooth is the pulp, which is essentially the nerve center. It is made of soft tissues that contain blood vessels and nerves. It is vital for the proper development of your tooth; however, once fully formed, it can survive without it.

If the enamel and dentin become compromised, it leaves the pulp vulnerable to bacteria, which can lead to an infection. If this develops, significant pain can result, and you could lose your tooth. To save it, a root canal can be performed, which will extract the pulp.

Protect Your Smile

Each layer of your tooth works with one another to create a healthy, strong smile. Your dentist can help to ensure that your teeth stay healthy and attractive with customized treatment plans.

About Columbian Square Dental

Columbian Square Dental is committed to providing premium dental services to the community. Our highly trained staff understands the anatomy and structures of your mouth to provide effective treatments. In addition to general services, we also provide many areas of specialty, including cosmetic dentistry. If you are ready to invest in the health and appearance of your teeth, we can help. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.


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